Bronchitis is a pulmonary disease caused by the onset of inflammation in the bronchial tubes, which are the air passages into the lungs. It causes a cough that often brings up mucus, as well as shortness of breath, wheezing, and chest tightness. There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic.
There are two forms of bronchitis, acute and chronic, which are somewhat similar and with similar causes, but run their course in different ways.
Acute bronchitis often occurs after a cold or the flu, as the result of bacterial infection, or from constant irritation of the bronchi by polluted air or chemical fumes in the environment. It is characterized by a slight fever that may last for a few days to weeks, and is often accompanied by a cough that may persist for several weeks. Acute bronchitis, symptoms usually resolve within 7 to 10 days, however, a dry, hacking cough can linger for several weeks.
Chronic bronchitis, also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD. As the condition gets worse, the affected person becomes increasingly short of breath, has difficulty with physical exertion, and may require supplemental oxygen. It may include fever, nasal congestion, and a hacking cough that can linger for months at a time.
General bronchitis symptoms are: cough, wheezing, throat pain, difficulty breathing, chest discomfort and soreness when breathing, fatigue and headache. If these bronchitis symptoms are accompanied by sweating, high fever and nausea, it means that the illness is caused by infection with bacteria. Bronchitis symptoms that might indicate an aggravation of the illness are: severe cough that contains yellowish mucus, spitting blood.
9 Nursing Diagnosis For Bronchitis
1. Ineffective airway clearance
related to: increased production of secretions.
2. Acute pain
related to: the inflammation of the pleura.
3. Impaired gas exchange
related to: airway obstruction by secretions, spasm of the bronchus.
4. Ineffective breathing pattern
related to: bronchoconstriction, mucus.
5. Imbalanced Nutrition, Less Than Body Requirements
related to: dyspnoea, anorexia, nausea, vomiting.
6. Risk for infection
related to: the settlement of secretions, chronic disease processes.
7. Activity intolerance
related to: insufficiency of ventilation and oxygenation.
related to: changes in health status.
9. Knowledge Deficit
related to: the lack of information about the disease process and treatment at home.